The Environmental Impacts of Flooding and How to Manage the Post-Flood Phase (Clean-up Stage)
About one tenth of Nigerian towns and villages have just been ravaged by flood and brought untold, unprecedentedly widespread hardship to millions of people, as loss of lives, livestock and property and crops renders it a national disaster.
However, the flooding has an expiry date. It is very important to understand what has occurred, what to do just after it subsides and how to mitigate the situation during any predicted, potential recurrence.
”The environmental impacts of flooding can be quite wide-ranging, from the dispersion of low-level household wastes into the fluvial system to contamination of community water supplies and wildlife habitats with extremely toxic substances. On the other hand, flood preparedness activities, such as forecasting and warning systems, can help to avoid some of these impacts. Indeed, actions undertaken prior to the event will have repercussions on the level of damages accruing from the flood. Effective remedial actions, such as…
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